This post is intended for starters with MS Web Deploy as is my case…
Microsoft Web Deploy is so awesome that I think it’s one of the best features one has at their disposal when developing with the .NET Framework and for the Web with ASP.NET MVC for example. It’s so powerful that it can even publish a database.
Once upon a time (let’s say before 2010) there was no Web Deploy and you had to FTP to the server to deploy the application. This was a tiresome task and led to many errors because one had to be extremely careful of what files needed to be updated, added, removed, etc while installing the application on the server. Backup methods should be in place in case something went wrong. I used to use compressed files (.zip or .rar) to send the app’s files to the server. It was still a big upload in some cases. I had to wait patiently. Once there I had to uncompress the file. Everything needed to be moved into place to make things easier. I even created a step by step readme file to help other peers do the deploy on the server. This readme detailed the workflow that should be followed in order to get things working.
Thanks God today there’s Web Deploy and it changed things drastically: only new or updated files are uploaded to the server. No more long waiting periods to start using the application. As a bonus you also have the option of removing additional files on the server (files/folders that aren’t used anymore). All this happens automatically (could we say automagically) with the click of a button inside Visual Studio 2010 or 2012. You can also run a .cmd file in the command line. This .cmd file is created as part of the Web Deploy Package publish method that you can choose once inside Visual Studio. There’s so many awesome features (read Preview menu option in Figure 4 bellow) that they would not fit in this post… To get a full understanding about Web Deploy look at this post: Visual Studio 2012 RC Deployment Docs.
Well, 2 weeks ago I tried to solve a problem related to Web Deploy. You can read the full history here:
The above problem wasn’t solved but I can tell you that I learned a LOT about IIS administration during that weekend. As a result it was worth the effort. I think that a clean install of Windows Server 2008 is necessary in that case…
Today I was facing a different error (again working against Windows Server 2008 R2) and I followed a simple path to solve it. So here are the basic steps you need to follow to detect the problem’s origin:
As you see when I clicked the Validate Connection button I got a message: ERROR COULD NOT CONNECT TO REMOTESVC.
If you click the error message, there’s some more info about the error but it doesn’t really tell you what’s causing the problem. It’s kind of a generic message you get: go check the Web Management Service on your server… I think I don’t need to tell you that it’s started already!
Figure 2 - Visual Studio 2012 Publish project with “detailed” ERROR information
To really get to the problem, you’ll need to access the server you’re trying to deploy to. Once there go to this folder:
This is the standard path where Web Management Service logs what’s going on…
When I opened the latest .log file I saw this:
#Software: Microsoft Internet Information Services 7.5
#Date: 2012-07-26 15:50:30
#Fields: date time s-ip cs-method cs-uri-stem cs-uri-query s-port cs-username c-ip cs(User-Agent) sc-status sc-substatus sc-win32-status time-taken
2012-07-26 12:50:30 192.168.100.77 HEAD /msdeploy.axd site=Default%20Web%20Siste 8172 - 220.127.116.117 - 401 2 5 1918
2012-07-26 12:50:33 192.168.100.77 HEAD /msdeploy.axd site=Default%20Web%20Siste 8172 develop 18.104.22.1687 - 550 0 0 2761
As you see highlighted in orange is my developer machine IP address. This let’s me know that my connection to server is working as expected. Port 8172 is not blocked by the firewall, etc.
Highlighted in yellow is a sc-status = 550. This is the key part while debugging errors related to web deploy on the server. Now it’s far easier to know what’s the problem. It’s only a matter of Googling about the 550 status code. The first post that mentions this status code was this one:
The guy lost 1 day to find what was going on and it took me only 1 minute to figure out the error I had with his help. He talks about the site’s name displayed in IIS manager. So I went check mine and to my surprise I had a small mistake in the Site/application name field shown in Figure 1. I typed Default Web Siste instead of only Default Web Site. What a silly mistake!
This is the kind of error that can bother you more than it should… believe it or not. You can go the wrong way while trying to get things working as expected.
After correcting this mistyped named I clicked the Validate Connection button again and to my delight and surprise I got this beautiful green check mark:
Figure 3 - Visual Studio 2012 Publish project with Web Deploy and successful connection validation
Now if you desire select the Preview menu option to glance at what’s going to the server…
You can select just the files you want to deploy. This is super useful let’s say when you discover a bug in production and want to change something in whatever file to correct that bug. You already have more changes to pull to the server but you just want to correct that bug. With the Preview tab you can do this: select just the file(s) you changed to correct the bug and deselect all the others. Isn’t this awesome? Of course it is!
If it’s OK, just hit the Publish button and you’re good to go.
I hope this simple post helps you find the root cause of what’s causing errors while you’re trying to deploy your application using MS Deploy.